One of the most dangerous and deathly diseases of our times is the Cancer.It creeps up on anyone and there is nothing you can do to prepare yourself for it.
With the modern lifestyle the types and sub types of this disease have also multiplied exponentially and now nearly everyone is in the danger of being diagnosed with one kind of cancer or the other during their lifetime.
The cancer cells are groups of malignant cells which are usually present in the form of a tumorous growth. Cancer cells can develop within our body and spread through it by corrupting the nearby cells.
Treatment then is very dangerous and till date, Cancer Care remains one of the most researched fields in medicine, and yet no full proof protection against it has been found.
Chemo and radiation therapy are in themselves quite dangerous but so far they are widely administered in need of a better alternative.
Even though they work fine for many patients but there is always the fear of the cancer surfacing again and the patient more often than not lives in a constant fear of its return.
However there is good news for humanity, on the 30th of the past month, the FDA approved a living drug, making history in the States. The name of this revolutionary drug is Kymriah which genetically engineers the blood cells of the patient and turns them into tiny soldiers of the body.
These modified blood cells actively seek out and destroy the cancer cells inside the body. The drug has been successfully tested against childhood leukemia and has kindled hope in Doctors worldwide. The treatment was developed by the University of Pennsylvania and Novartis.
This treatment was developed five years ago and patient 0 was a little girl who was just 48 hours away from complete organ failure. She started showing signs of recovering soon after receiving the first cell therapy and has now been free of cancer for the last 5 years.
The name of the treatment is CAR-T and it works by genetically modifying the T cells in a person. First of all, a handful of T-cells are extracted from the blood of the patient.
Then a chimeric antigen receptor is added to these cells. Now the modified CAR-T cells are reintroduced in the patient’s body via the blood stream. These newly equipped cells take on the task of hunting down and killing the cancerous cells. This treatment works in the same way as vaccination and once a person has received treatment for particular cancer their body will keep fighting that cancer for the rest of their life.
These newly equipped cells take on the task of hunting down and killing the cancerous cells. This treatment works in the same way as vaccination and once a person has received treatment for particular cancer their body will keep fighting that cancer for the rest of their life.
However, just like vaccinations, this therapy also might result in high fevers and inflammation. Though these two are the signs of the therapy working, yet they are highly dangerous situations and should be handled very carefully. Therefore the Approval of CAR-T treatment is yet very selectively allowed and is used in special cases only.