In our modern day society we find that the educational system has a very narrow perspective of intelligence, mostly linguistics and logical knowledge. The groups who fall within the parameter of these intelligence sectors, can prize themselves as lucky.
What happens when our schooling system mostly focuses on these sectors? Well, a very big percentage of the people gets left out. By doing so, there is a big possibility that this group gets labeled as less intelligent, while the truth can be very much the opposite. Their intelligence may just lie in a different category.
The theory of multiple intelligence was first published by Howard Gardner in 1983. In his book called Frames of mind, he describes seven different intelligence categories. Over the years a couple additional categories has been added, with the latest suggestion for an addition in the beginning of this year.
With this theory Gardner wants to show that the norm of what is called ‘intelligence’ in our society is too narrow. People can be highly intelligent in other areas.
Which one of the next categories applies to you?
1. Verbal- Linguistic intelligence
People that score high on verbal and linguistic intelligence display strong reading and writing skills, as they are good in telling stories, memorizing dates and thinking in words versus images. They tend to like to read, write, talk, memorize and solve puzzles, and learn best through reading, hearing, speaking, writing, discussing and debating.
2. Mathematical- Logical intelligence
Scoring high on mathematical and logical intelligence means you possess the ability to solve mathematical equations , work logically, are good with numbers, reasoning, critical thinking and discovering patterns. They are also gifted with an increased understanding of underlying principals for many different systems.
People with this type of intelligence often like to work with numbers, question things and experiment. They learn best through working with patterns, classification, categorizing and work with abstract thoughts.
3. Spatial and Visual intelligence
This type of intelligence is focused on visualization with the mind’s eye. Strong points are: drawing, reading maps and charts, solving puzzles, imagination and visualization. People with this type of intelligence tend to like to design, draw, build, create and daydream.
The best way they learn is through working with pictures and colors, and by drawing and visualizing.
4. Musical and Rhythmic intelligence
This type of intelligence has to do with the sensitivity to tones, sounds and rhythm. People that score high in this area often good at singing, recognizing sounds, remembering melodies and have a good sense of rhythm. They are very musically orientated and like to sing, dance, play instruments and listen to music. These people learn best through listening to melodies, singing and any activity that incorporates rhythm.
5. Interpersonal intelligence
People that score high on the area of interpersonal intelligence are often associated with scoring high with emphatic traits. They are often highly sensitive to other peoples moods, motivations and temperaments. This makes them very strong social bridge builders. They have the ability to unite and understand people in a group and function as great coordinators. They also tend to be strong in communicating, resolving conflicts, organizing and selling. They are known to be very social and have a lot of friends, enjoy meeting new people and joining groups. They learn best through sharing and comparing experiences, relating, cooperating and interviewing other people.
6. Intrapersonal intelligence
This type of intelligence covers the area of knowledge about the self. People that score high on this type of intelligence have understanding of the self, good introspective and self-reflective capacities and deep understanding of one’s strengths and weaknesses. Also they are very good in setting goals for themselves.They often like to work alone, reflect on their actions and pursue their interests. This group learns best by having space, reflecting their own work and doing self-paced projects.
7. Naturalist intelligence
Naturalists have an innate sense of understanding, and possess a keen knowledge about nature. The evolutionary traits of hunting, gathering and farming were clearly important in the past. In modern times it is mostly expressed in involvement with, and love for, nature. Naturalist learn best working and spending time in nature, exploring new things and learning about animals, plants and natural events in their natural surroundings.
The main essence of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is to be in control of one’s motions and the capacity to handle them skillfully. Their strong points are sense of timing, clear goal-setting of physical actions, disciplined in training, flow-like movements, usage of tools and crafts.They learn best through moving, touching and processing knowledge through bodily sensations.
9. Existential intelligence
Also occasionally called spiritual intelligence or “cosmic smarts”. This type of intelligence is related to people who tackle the deeper and philosophical questions in life. Tackling the meaning of existence, definition of life and death, the start of our universe etc.They tend to be spiritual and more open to different theories surrounding humanity. These people enjoy debating, talking about mind-boggling subjects, meditating and exploring the unknown.
10. Teaching-pedagogical intelligence
This area is not officially added to the theory of multiple intelligence but Gardner suggested it should be. When they would score high on teaching-pedagogical intelligence, they are able to teach and educate other people in a very clear and organized way. These are people who take pleasure in spreading knowledge and love to help others.
Think of the possibilities this society can create if we start to take all the areas of intelligence under consideration. So many people that feel left out and are told they “don’t cut it,” according to the standards of our educational system, will now finally get the chance to blossom in their own way. Every single person is different, with different talents and different kinds of knowledge/intelligence. We cannot expect everybody to mold themselves into one form like our educational system is currently set-up. It is time for a reorganization.